We’ve all come across popular misconceptions concerning psychology and how the mind works. You’ll know doubt recognise some of the big ones:
Myth #1: We Only Use 10% of our Brains
Myth #2: It’s Better to Express Anger Than to Hold it in
Myth #3: Low Self-Esteem is a Major Cause of Psychological Problems
Myth #4: Human Memory Works like a Video Camera
Myth #5: Hypnosis is a Unique “Trance” State Differing
in Kind from Wakefulness
Myth #6: The Polygraph Test is an Accurate Means of Detecting Lies
Myth #7: Opposites Attract
Myth #8: People with Schizophrenia Have Multiple Personalities
Myth #9: Full Moons Cause Crimes and Craziness
Myth #10: A Large Proportion of Criminals Successfully use the Insanity Defense
This article from Skeptic.com explains why each of the myths above is false and uses peer reviewed scientific research to explain how.
On a related note there a number of myths about learning which are affecting how children are being taught. For example 93% of of UK teachers in a sampled in a survey thought that “Individuals learn better when they receive information in their preferred learning style (e.g., auditory, visual, kinesthetic),” This view has no scientific basis and has been proved to be false.
This article from Sense about Science explains how Brain Gym, Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences have been disproven. Be sure to follow the links to the various research papers. Papers such as this one ‘Neuromyths in Education: Prevalence and Predictors of Misconceptions among Teachers’
Helpfully The Wellcome Trust and the Education Endowment Foundation have got to together to launch a £6million fund for research on the use of neuroscience in the classroom.